History of Federation
The History of Boxing Federation of Kazakhstan
Back in 1919 in the USSR, during education at Universal Military Training boxing training groups were opened in order to make the peasant army stronger. A year later, boxing was included as a physical education class to the Physical Education Department of the Military Medical Academy. In the 20s, this kind of sport attracted more and more followers and the number of competitions was also growing.
At the end of the decade, boxing began to spread in Transcaucasia and Central Asia countries. Kazakhstan became a part of this movement in the beginning of the 30s due to opening of the first boxing classes held on the basis of the sport club “Tempo” in Almaty. Later, “Dinamo”, “Spartak”, “Medik” and “Ugolschik” from Karaganda did the same. Together they began to develop this new for the country sport.
The first boxing competition in the country was the individual-team championship held in Almaty in 1937. 50 boxers from 4 sport clubs took part in it. The organizer was one of the national boxing pioneers, the first master of boxing sport in Kazakhstan, Shokhra Bultek-Uly. It gave an impetus for boxing development in other regions of Kazakhstan.
The tragic 40s had the negative impact on the whole country as well as on the sport. A lot of sportsmen including boxers did not return from the battlefield fighting for their motherland and showing their amazing courage.
After the Great Patriotic War, in 1946, regular championships of Kazakh SSR and Central Asia were held. A year later the first USSR individual-team championship with the participation of Kazakh sportsmen was held. In that competition the representative from Almaty, Makhmut Omarov, won bronze medal in the weight class up to 51 kg. In 1953 another Almaty citizen, Gennady Rozhkov won bronze medal in the Universiade held in Bucharest and became the first Kazakh boxer who took part in the foreign competition.
In spite of boxing development in the Republic, Kazakh sportsmen did not win gold in the all-union competitions for a long time and fell out of the race just before the pedestal. However, tostepbackwasnotarulefortrueboxers. And in 1959 an Almaty citizen Anatoliy Kadetov broke an unpleasant regularity for Kazakh sportsmen and won a gold medal.
Till 1992 during the USSR and CIS competitions Kazakh boxers won only 167 medals among which 36 were gold medals, 44 – silver and 77 – bronze ones. That amount of medals placed Kazakhstan on the fifth line among all 17 boxing federations included in All-Union Federation.
Kazakh boxers successfully took part in international competitions. For example, in 6 World championships being members of Kazakhstan national team they won 2 gold medals and 2 silver ones.
The number of Olympic medals was also enriched by the power of Soviet boxers: one silver medal, 3 bronze ones. Among the greatest sportsmen of that time were a boxer from Kazakhstan Valeriy Rachkov (a world champion of 1978), Igor Ruzhnikov (a world and Europe champion of 1989), Serik Konakbayev (two-fold Europe champion, a World Cup holder and a finalist of the 1980 Olympic Games), Victor Demyanenko (a Europe champion of 1979 and a finalist of the Moscow Olympic Games). Aleksandr Miroshnichenko, a finalist of 1986 Goodwill Games and 1989 World championship, won the last bronze medal of the USSR national team in the 1988 Olympic Games held in Seoul.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union all sport organizations began their own independent development. In 1992 the amateur boxing federation of the Republic of Kazakhstan was included into the AIBA and the Amateur Asian continental boxing association. Developed school, experienced coaching staff, young and already titled sportsmen allowed putting hopes on Kazakh boxing. Anditcameuptoallexpectations.
Kazakh boxing national team made debut in the 1996 Olympic Games held in Atlanta. The result was as follows: one gold medal (Vassiliy Jirov), one silver medal (Bolat Zhumadilov) and two bronze medals (Bolat Niyazymbetov and Ermakhan Ibraimov). They got the third place in informal team scoring – only USA and Cuba managed to be ahead of the Kazakh national team. Moreover, in Atlanta a boxer from Balkash, Vassiliy Jirov won not only a gold medal, but also a Val Barker Trophy. This honorable prize was only in 8 countries during the entire Olympic history.
Even more effective the national team performed in the 2000 Sydney Olympiad. Two “golds” were gained by the youngest boxer of the national team of Kazakhstan Bekzat Sattarkhanov and Ermakhan Ibraimov. The second in succession silver medal was gained by Bolat Zhumadilov. “Silver” was also won by the super-heavy weight boxer from Shymkent Mukhtarkhan Dildabekov, the most famous Kazakhstan sportsman in this weight category.
The third in succession Olympiad of Kazakhstan boxers in 2004 in Greece also demonstrated the high level of our boxing. Bakhtiyar Artayev took not only “gold” in Athens, but became the second person in the history of Kazakhstan who gained the most prestige prize in boxing – Val Barker Trophy. Gennady Golovkin added silver medal into the collection of the national team. Later he was transferred from the amateur into professional boxing and successfully keeps his champion titles. SerikEleuovaddedthebronzemedal.
In 2008 in Beijing Bakhyt Sarsekbayev won the gold medal. Erkebulan Shinaliyev became the bronze medallist of the Olympiad in the weight category up to 81 kg. Afterwards, a decision was made: the following Olympic Games must become more effective for sportsmen. This state of mind helped to recollect strength for participation in the London Games.
As a result the latest 2012 Olympic Games held in London became the most successful in the history of the Kazakhstan national team. And mostly thanks to the boxers: they won one gold, one silver and two bronze medals. Adilbek Niyazymbetov was the second, bronze was won by Ivan Dychko and by the first woman in boxing national team who managed to achieve such success, Marina Volnova.
Serik Sapiyev won the gold as well as a Val Barker Trophy as the best Olympic boxer. The third awarding of this the most prestigious trophy to Kazakh sportsman caused the Kazakh boxing to be on the second line after American boxing (USA boxers have got this trophy five times).